Interesting. The things that really stood out to me were the "you cannot be intoxicated and hold a gun without the carry license". WTF? And "Without a carry license, you cannot carry in a bar (you shouldn't anyways). With a carry license, you can still carry in a bar". WTF? I agree with you, there should be NO carry in a bar, but it's incredible that Texas allows it, even allowing one to drink while carrying. WTF?!Lots of differences though. Here are a few that stood out to me.
Someone with a carry license has laws behind them when they have to use deadly force.
You're getting some legal protections that someone without the license does not get.
Also, the license allows you to carry in many places that you cannot carry without a license.
Like, if you're dropping your kids off at school... without the license you cannot have the gun in the car with you.
You cannot drive onto a school parking lot with a gun. You need to drop the kid off from outside of school property.
But with a carry license, you can actually walk all the way up to the school door as long as your gun is properly secured on your person.
Without a carry license, you cannot carry in a bar (you shouldn't anyways).
With a carry license, you can still carry in a bar (unless they have the 3.0.5 or 3.0.6 legal signs on every entranceway).
And you cannot be intoxicated and hold a gun without the carry license.
So, if you have one beer and are carrying without a license, you're breaking the law.
You can use your Texas LTC to carry in 30 other states.
Present your LTC to a cop and they instantly know you have no felonies and may be less interested in you.
Four hours in person, including the two hours on the range.
And lastly, apparently, I was being generous about Texas' training requirements. 4 hours TOTAL? Wow!